Current Affairs September 2020

World & Local

  • Kaing Guek Eav,known as Comrade Duch, a former senior figure of the Khmer Rouge convicted of crimes against humanity in Cambodia, has died.
  • A new fire broke out on a supertanker carrying about two million barrels of oil in the Indian Ocean off Sri Lanka’s eastern coast as Russian and Indian warships joined the battle to put out the blaze.The New Diamond,
  • Jamaica’s ruling party was re-elected in a landslide win on Thursday marked by low turnout, prompting Prime Minister Andrew Holness to vow to work on restoring voters’ trust in politics and continue fighting the country’s coronavirus outbreak.
  • According to a report from Brown University’s “Costs of War” project, over 37 million people have been displaced by the wars fought by the United States since the September 11 attacks
  • A shipwreck discovered in the Norwegian trench in April 2017 is confirmed to be that of the German cruiser Karlsruhe, according to Norwegian power grid operator Statnett and a maritime archaeologist. The cruiser was sunk by a British Royal Navy submarine on April 9, 1940, during the opening stages of Operation Weserübung.
  • Unidentified masked men snatched the leading Belarusian opposition figure Maria Kolesnikova from the street in the centre of the capital, Minsk, on Monday and drove her away in a minivan, witnesses told local media.
  • An elephant that lives alone under horrendous conditions in a Pakistan zoo will finally be granted the chance of a better life, the animal welfare group aiding the move said on Saturday. Dubbed the “world’s loneliest elephant” by animal rights activists, Kaavan spent more than 30 years in Islamabad’s notorious Marghazar Zoo.
  • Top South African human rights lawyer George Bizos, who famously defended Nelson Mandela, has died aged 92.
  • Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe has spoken of how she cannot bear the stress of her ordeal any longer after an Iranian court postponed her new trial on Sunday without explanation.
  • Michael Bloomberg, who spent $1 billion of his own money on a failed 2020 presidential bid, will inject at least $100 million to help Democrat Joe Biden’s campaign against President Donald Trump in Florida.
  • Yoshihide Suga wins a ruling Liberal Democratic Party leadership election, paving the way for him to become prime minister in a parliamentary vote this week.
  • The city of Louisville, Kentucky, settles a wrongful death lawsuit with the family of Breonna Taylor, who was killed in a raid on her apartment by police in March. Her family will receive $12 million and several police reforms will also be enacted in the city as part of the agreement.
  • Mali’s former president Moussa Traore, who ruled the West Africa nation for more than 22 years, has died at age 83, according to his son Idrissa Traore. He did not give details on the cause of death.
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and advocate for women’s rights, dies at the age of 87.
  • Vanuatu’s opposition leader Ralph Regenvanu warns about the sale of honorary Vanuatuan citizenship to potential international criminals and people stripped of other nationalities for nefarious activities.
  • The Congress of Peru votes 78–32 against removing President Martín Vizcarra at his impeachment trial.
  • World Bamboo Day is observed every year on 18 September to raise awareness of the benefits of bamboo and to promote its use in everyday products. The theme for the 11th edition of WBD 2020 is ‘BAMBOO NOW.’
  • International Equal Pay Day is being celebrated for the first time ever on 18 September, 2020.
  • Bolivia’s conservative interim president, Jeanine Anez, withdrew her candidacy for the Oct. 18 election, after opinion polls showed her lagging against the socialist party of ex-leader Evo Morales.
  • Amal Clooney has quit her role as the UK’s envoy on press freedom “in dismay” at the government’s willingness to break international law over Brexit.
  • Guatemalan President Alejandro Giammattei has tested positive for coronavirus.
  • Britain’s Queen Elizabeth has formally stripped Harvey Weinstein of his honorary award following his conviction for sexually assaulting a former production assistant and raping an actress.
  • Ethiopia has filed terrorism charges against a prominent media mogul and opposition politician from the Oromo ethnic group, Jawar Mohammed, the attorney general’s office said.
  • Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited the controversial Yasukuni Shrine for war dead, his first visit since December 2013, after refraining from doing so for most of his term to avoid angering China and South Korea.
  • The Australian government reports that over 200 pilot whales are stranded off the Macquarie Harbour in West Coast, Tasmania, at least 25 of which have died. A rescue mission for the surviving whales is scheduled for tomorrow.
  • Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed has picked political newcomer Mohamed Hussein Roble as prime minister.
  • Riot police clashed with protesters in Minsk, using water cannon and stun grenades, hours after the inauguration of Alexander Lukashenko for another term as president.
  • Former rebel military commander Ishmael Toroama has been elected as president of Bougainville, an autonomous region in the South Pacific.
  • A former real estate tycoon and an outspoken critic of China’s President Xi Jinping has been sentenced to 18 years in jail on charges of corruption.A court in Beijing found Ren Zhiqiang “guilty of corruption, bribery and embezzlement of public funds”, said state media outlet the Global Times.
  • Former Mali defence minister and retired colonel Bah Ndaw was named interim president while the leader of the junta that seized power last month, Colonel Assimi Goita, was appointed vice president.
  • Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered 27 coffins at the ancient necropolis of Saqqara, a burial ground that is also home to one of the world’s oldest pyramids, the ministry of tourism and antiquities said.
  • A prominent Nepalese mountaineer, who became the first person in the world to climb Mount Everest 10 times without bottled oxygen, has died aged 72.Ang Rita Sherpa, popularly known as the Snow Leopard, first reached the summit of the world’s tallest mountain in 1983.
  • World Rhino day is celebrated internationally on 22nd September by the World Wide Fund for Nature.
  • Azerbaijani and Armenian armed forces clash in Nagorno-Karabakh, prompting the introduction of martial law in both countries and mobilization in Armenia.
  • Scientists have unearthed the remains of Jurassic sea predators resembling killer whales in the Atacama desert in Chile.
  • President Donald Trump on nominated Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court, and she pledged to become a justice in the mold of the late staunch conservative Antonin Scalia – another milestone in Trump’s rightward shift of the top U.S. judicial body.
  • Lebanon’s prime minister-designate Mustapha Adib, quit after trying for almost a month to line up a non-partisan cabinet.
  • Victoire Tomegah Dogbé becomes the first female Prime Minister of Togo.
  • Spain’s top court has upheld a decision to ban Catalonia’s separatist leader Quim Torra from holding public office.

Arts & Entertainment

  • South Korean boy band BTS become the first all-South Korean act to top the United States record chart, after their single “Dynamite” debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
  • The “Bad Boy Billionaires: India” documentary series about liquor tycoon Vijay Mallya, Subrata Roy of the Sahara group, founder and former head of Satyam Computer Services Ramalinga Raju and jeweller Nirav Modi was set for release this week.
  • US President Donald Trump announced Wilmington in southern US state North Carolina as the first World War II Heritage City at a ceremony held to mark the 75th anniversary of the end of World War II.
  • Influential Czech director, whose 1966 movie “Closely Watched Trains” won the Academy Award for best foreign-language film, has died at age 82, his wife, Olga Menzelova, said on her Facebook page. Jiri Menzel
  • Bollywood actress Rhea Chakraborty has been sent to jail by India’s narcotics control authority for allegedly buying drugs for her actor-boyfriend Sushant Singh Rajput.
  • Author Maggie O’Farrell has won this year’s Women’s Prize for Fiction for Hamnet, a novel inspired by and named after William Shakespeare’s only son.
  • Actress Dame Diana Rigg, famous for roles including Emma Peel in TV series The Avengers and Olenna Tyrell in Game of Thrones, has died at the age of 82.
  • 2020 Swarna Pustaka Award- Sunethra Rajakarunayake –Nishkranthiya
  • “Nomadland”, a U.S. movie about a community of van dwellers traversing the vast American West, won the Golden Lion award for best film at the Venice film festival.
  • The United Kingdom returns three antique bronze sculptures to India more than 40 years after they were stolen from a Hindu temple in Tamil Nadu. A total of four bronzes from the Vijayanagara period, which lasted from the 14th to the 17th century, were stolen in 1978 from a temple dedicated to the god Vishnu in Nagapattinam.
  • The Marathi language feature film ‘The Disciple’, has bagged the prestigious FIPRESCI award for Best Screenplay at the 77th Venice Film Festival. The film has been written and directed by Mumbai-based filmmaker Chaitanya Tamhane
  • A 1634 edition of The Two Noble Kinsmen, the last play by English playwright William Shakespeare, is discovered at the Royal Scots College’s library in Salamanca, Spain. It is believed to be the oldest copy of any of his works in the country.
  • Banksy has lost a battle with a greetings card firm over the trademark of one of his most famous works ‘flower bomber’.North Yorkshire-based Full Colour Black challenged the artist’s right to trademark his image of a protester throwing a bunch of flowers.
  • Writer Winston Groom, whose novel Forrest Gump was made into the hugely successful Oscar-winning 1994 film starring Tom Hanks, has died aged 77.
  • Ozzy Osbourne‘s former drummer, Lee Kerslake, has died aged 73.The musician had been undergoing treatment for prostate cancer.
  • International Day of Peace is observed globally on 21st September every year. Theme for world peace day 2020 is– “Shaping Peace Together
  •   A true icon of the French chanson, Juliette Gréco, has died aged 93 after a fabled career that spanned eight decades.
  • Tommy DeVito, a founding member of US pop group the Four Seasons, has died aged 92 after contracting Covid-19.
  • Anglo-French actor Michael Lonsdale, who played the villain opposite Roger Moore’s James Bond in the 1979 filmMoonraker, has died at the age of 89.In the film, he played Hugo Drax, an industrialist planning to poison all humans on Earth then repopulate the planet from his space station.
  • Pamela Hutchinson, a member of the Grammy-winning R&B group The Emotions, has died at the age of 61.She was the youngest sister of the band’s core members Sheila, Wanda and Jeanette Hutchinson, and sang on their biggest hit single Best Of My Love.
  • Singer-songwriter Michael Kiwanuka has won the 2020 Mercury Prize for his soul-searching third record, Kiwanuka.A lush, immersive album of politicised soul, it sees the star exploring themes of self-doubt, faith and civil rights.
  • Veteran playback singer SP Balasubramaniam passed away in Chennai hospital.He was 74.
  • Australia’s most prestigious award for portraiture has been won by an Aboriginal artist for the first time in its 99-year history.Vincent Namatjira, 37, claimed the annual Archibald Prize for a painting of himself and Adam Goodes, a champion Aboriginal Australian Rules footballer.

Science & Business

  • The controversial appointment of Australian former prime minister Tony Abbott as an official trade adviser for the UK has sparked questions as to how he will manage conflicts of interest.
  • Italy’s Treasury wants to find a buyer for Monte dei Paschi di Siena by the end of the year to help the bailed-out bank to clean up its remaining problem loans, two sources familiar with the matter said.
  • UK-based computer chip designer ARM Holdings is being sold to the American graphics chip specialist Nvidia.
  • Gilead Sciences Inc will acquire biopharmaceutical company Immunomedics Inc for $21 billion, a move that will strengthen its cancer portfolio by gaining access to a promising drug, the two companies said in a joint statement on Sunday.
  • Multinational investment bank, Citigroup named Jane Fraser as its next chief executive, tapping a woman to lead a giant Wall Street bank for the first time.
  • ByteDance has chosen Oracle as a US partner for its popular TikTok video service, a decision that comes as a deadline for a ban of the popular app draws near.
  • Buzzfeed News and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists release the FinCEN files, a collection of 2,657 documents relating to the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
  • A US judge has blocked the Trump administration from requiring Apple and Google to remove Chinese-owned messaging app WeChat for downloads.
  • Microsoft agrees to buy video game holding company ZeniMax Media, including Bethesda Softworks and their following subsidiaries for $7.5 billion, in what is the biggest and most expensive takeover in the history of the video game industry.
  • World Alzheimer’s Day is observed on September 21 across the world. The theme for World Alzheimer Day 2020 is ‘Let’s talk about dementia’.
  • John Turner, a Liberal party politician who served stints as Canada’s justice and finance ministers before a very brief turn as prime minister, has died at age 91.
  • Robinhood Markets Inc, the financial technology startup credited with helping popularize trading among millennials, has increased its latest funding round from investors to $660 million (£517.9 million) 
  • Microsoft announced that it will buy ZeniMax Media, the company that owns well-known video game publisher Bethesda, for $7.5 billion in cash.
  • Helen Reddy, the Australian singer best known for her anthemic 1972 hit I Am Woman, has died at 78.
  • Argentine cartoonist Quino, the creator of Mafalda, the inquisitive and quick-witted girl who used humor and irony to call for greater democracy in the crisis-prone country, has died at the age of 88.

Sports

  • The Renault Formula One team will be renamed Alpine F1 from 2021, competing in French colours to showcase the carmaker’s sportscar brand, new company CEO Luca de Meo announced on Sunday.
  • Novak Djokovic has issued an apology after he defaulted from his round of 16 match against Pablo Carreno Busta and was booted from the U.S. Open after accidentally hitting a line umpire with a ball.
  • Spain forward became the national team’s youngest ever goalscorer as the 17-year-old inspired Luis Enrique’s side to a resounding 4-0 win at home to Ukraine in the UEFA Nations League on Sunday. Ansu Fati
  • Manchester City midfielder Kevin De Bruyne was named men’s Player of the Year while Chelsea forward Bethany England won the women’s award, England’s Professional Footballers’ Association (PFA) announced.
  • Iranian wrestler Navid Afkari was executed after being convicted of stabbing a security guard to death during anti-government protests in 2018, state media said, in a case that has sparked international outcry.
  • US Open 2020: Naomi Osaka beats Victoria Azarenka to win third Grand Slam title
  • Lewis Hamilton took his 90th career victory by beating Mercedes team-mate Valtteri Bottas in a chaotic, incident-strewn Tuscan Grand Prix.
  • Footballer Lionel Messi can register his name as a trademark after a nine-year legal battle, the EU’s top court has ruled. The European Court of Justice dismissed an appeal from Spanish cycling company Massi and the EU’s intellectual property office, EUIPO.
  • Juventus have terminated the contract of Gonzalo Higuain by mutual consent, the Serie A champions have confirmed, with the Argentine forward closing in on a switch to David Beckham’s Major League Soccer (MLS) side Inter Miami.
  • Former Derby County winger Reg Harrison, who was the oldest living winner of the FA Cup, has died at the age of 97, the Championship club announced.
  • The Fed Cup is all set to change its name to Billie Jean King Cup announced The International Tennis Federation.
  • Barcelona have agreed to let striker Luis Suarez join La Liga rivals Atletico Madrid.
  • Croatia midfielder Ivan Rakitic has called time on his international career with the 2018 World Cup runners-up, The former Barcelona player, 32, was an integral part of the Croatia side who reached the World Cup final in Russia before losing 4-2 to France.
  • Former Australia cricketer Dean Jones, one of the finest batsmen of his generation, died in India from cardiac arrest aged 59, Star India said, prompting emotional tributes from the Australian prime minister and fellow players.
  • World champion Ronnie O’Sullivan was knocked out of the European Masters by Irish teenager Aaron Hill. The 18-year-old is ranked 115th in the world after turning professional in March and was not born when O’Sullivan, 44, won his first world title in 2001.
  • Julian Alaphilippe has won the Road World Championships men’s road race in Imola, & Anna van der Breggen became a double world champion by winning the women’s road race at the Road World Championships.
  • In ice hockey, the Tampa Bay Lightning defeat the Dallas Stars to win the Stanley Cup.

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