01.) He was a British medical doctor who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his work on the transmission of malaria, becoming the first British Nobel laureate, and the first born outside Europe. Who was he?
02.)He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and prevention of diseases, and his discoveries have saved many lives ever since. He reduced mortality from puerperal fever and created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. Name him?
03.)Who was the English physician and scientist who pioneered the concept of vaccines including creating the smallpox vaccine, the world’s first vaccine?
04.)Who was the Scottish physician and microbiologist best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the world’s first broadly effective antibiotic substance benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G) from the mould Penicillium rubens in 1928?
05.)Who was the South African cardiac surgeon who performed the world’s first human-to-human heart transplant operation and the first one in which the patient regained consciousness?
06.)Who was the American virologist and medical researcher who developed one of the first successful polio vaccines?
07.)Who was the Ukrainian-born Jewish-American inventor, biochemist and microbiologist whose research into the decomposition of organisms that live in soil enabled the discovery of streptomycin and several other antibiotics?
08.)He was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery. His research into bacteriology and infection in wounds raised his operative technique to a new plane where his observations, deductions and practices revolutionized surgery throughout the world. Name him?
09.)He was a Scottish physician who made important discoveries in parasitology, and was a founder of the field of tropical medicine. He discovered that filariasis in humans is transmitted by mosquitoes. His discovery directly invoked the mosquito-malaria theory, which became the foundation in malariology. Name him?
10.)He was an English physician who made influential contributions in anatomy and physiology. He was the first known physician to describe completely, and in detail, the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the brain and the rest of the body by the heart. Name him?
- Ronald Ross
- Louis Pasteur
- Edward Jenner
- Alexander Fleming
- Christiaan Barnard
- Jonas Salk
- Selman A. Waksman
- Joseph Lister
- Sir Patrick Manson
- William Harvey