Current Affairs -October 2020

World

  • A Japanese man has pleaded guilty to murdering nine people after contacting them on Twitter, in a high-profile case that has shocked the country. Dubbed the “Twitter killer”, Takahiro Shiraishi was arrested in 2017 after body parts were found in his flat.
  • The 2020 Nobel Prize in Medicine is awarded to Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton, and Charles M. Rice for their discovery of the Hepatitis C virus.
  • The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to Roger Penrose “for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity,” and to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea M. Ghez “for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy.”
  • Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna are awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of a method for genome editing.
  • Poet Louise Glück is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • The UN World Food Programme is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to combat hunger.
  • U.S. economists Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson won the 2020 Nobel Economics Prize for improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats.
  • Former Prime Minister Joseph Muscat resigned from Malta’s parliament after a 90-second speech in which he said he was proud of his achievements.
  • A court sentenced the former vice president of the Maldives, Ahmed Adeeb, to 20 years in jail and fined him $129,892 after he pleaded guilty to corruption charges.
  • A man who killed a Chinese millionaire and chopped up his body has been sentenced to jail in Canada, in a case that has gripped China.
  • Right Livelihood Award winners 2020- Ales Bialiatski/ Nasrin Sotoudeh/Bryan Stevenson/ Lottie Cunningham Wren
  • The prime minister of Kyrgyzstan has quit after post-election protests plunged the ex-Soviet republic into political chaos.Kubatbek Boronov has reportedly been replaced by Sadyr Japarov, who was freed from prison by protesters. The election results have been annulled.
  • Armenia says that Azerbaijani forces have shelled and severely damaged the historic Ghazanchetsots Cathedral in Nagorno-Karabakh’s city of Shusha.
  • Mario Molina, winner of the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1995 and the only Mexican scientist to be honored with a Nobel, died in his native Mexico City.
  • Kyrgyzstan’s President Sooronbay Jeenbekov resigned, saying he wanted to bring an end to a crisis which was sparked by disputed parliamentary elections earlier this month.
  • Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern wins a second term in a historic landslide. Ardern’s Labour Party becomes the first party to win a majority since the proportional system was introduced in 1996.
  • Jesse Katayama has been stranded in Peru since the country implemented strict travel restrictions because of the coronavirus pandemic, barring him from leaving.But in reward for his long wait, the 26-year-old Japanese tourist has become the first person in seven months to be allowed to enter Machu Picchu.
  • A prominent Hong Kong protester has made her first public appearance in 14 months, telling the media she had been held in mainland China.Alexandra Wong, 64, was nicknamed “Grandma Wong” and was often pictured waving a British flag at protests.
  • Srilankan entered in to NZ Parliament? Venushi Walters
  • The Canadian town of Asbestos, Quebec, votes to rename itself as Val-des-Sources. The name change, approved by a majority of the town’s 7,000 residents, must now be approved by the provincial government.
  • Burundi’s top court has sentenced a former president Pierre Buyoya to life in prison for the 1993 murder of another president who had defeated him in elections, an attack that triggered a 10-year civil war in which about 300,000 people were killed.
  • Luis Arce, a supporter of exiled Bolivian President Evo Morales, have won the presidency with a solid majority in the politically-divided Central American country.
  • A US policeman involved in the controversial killing of black woman Breonna Taylor in her home has broken his silence in his first interview.
  • The Sunni Muslim Grand Mufti of Damascus Sheikh Mohammed Adnan Afiouni is assassinated in a car bombing in the Syrian capital, according to state media.
  • Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez survives a vote of no-confidence presented by the far-right Vox political party.
  • The opposition has taken power in the Seychelles for the first time since 1977, following its victory in the presidential election.Anglican priest Wavel Ramkalawan defeated President Danny Faure by 54.9% to 43.5%, official results show.
  • 78% of the Chilean voters approve the process to draft a new Constitution, replacing the one established during the Pinochet dictatorship.
  • SEAL Team Six conducts a predawn raid in northern Nigeria, rescuing American hostage Philip Walton, who was kidnapped in Niger. The Pentagon says no U.S. military personnel were injured in the operation.
  • Philippine authorities in Luzon order the evacuation of thousands as Goni approaches as a category 5 storm, the world’s strongest this year.
  • Opposition parties say that they will not recognize the election’s result, which gave incumbent President John Magufuli another term. The Chadema party calls for fresh elections.

Science & Business

  • Tasmanian devils have been reintroduced into the wild in mainland Australia for the first time in 3,000 years.
  • Hyundai Motor Group appointed Euisun Chung as group chairman, formally cementing his succession to the leadership of the world’s fifth-largest automaker conglomerate from his octogenarian father.
  • Valdis Dombrovskis appointed as the new trade chief of European union.
  • Former Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd has called for a major government inquiry into the tight ownership of Australian media by Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp, securing more than 46,000 signatures on a petition after just two days.
  • New Zealand has knocked off Japan for the strongest passport in the world according to the latest Global Passport Index compiled by global financial advisory firm Arton Capital.
  • The Republic of Ghana’s central bank Bank of Ghana has won the 2020 Central bank of the year award.
  • Economist Mark Joseph Carney, Governor of the central bank of the United Kingdom Bank of England, has won the 2020 Governor of the year at the Central bank of the year award .
  • Brazilian health authority Anvisa said that a volunteer in a clinical trial of the COVID-19 vaccine developed by AstraZeneca and Oxford University had died but added that the trial would continue.
  • PayPal has entered the cryptocurrency market, announcing that its customers will be able to buy and sell Bitcoin and other virtual currencies using their PayPal accounts.
  • Lee Kun-hee, the chairman of South Korea’s largest conglomerate, Samsung Group, has died aged 78.
  • Coca-Cola Co’s European bottler has made a A$9.28 billion ($6.6 billion) buyout approach to Australian peer Coca-Cola Amatil Ltd , a cut-price proposal that the target firm is backing due to uncertainty sparked by the coronavirus crisis.
  • Chinese financial technology giant Ant Group has set terms for a dual listing aimed at raising up to $34.4 billion from the world’s largest stock market debut, with investors scrambling for a piece of the fast-growing company.

Sports

  • Australia’s wicket-keeper batswoman Alyssa Healy broke MS Dhoni’s record of having most dismissals as a wicket-keeper in the shortest format of the game.
  • Shura Kitata and Brigid Kosgei win the London Marathon men’s and women’s races.
  • Bayern Munich striker Robert Lewandowski won the UEFA men’s Player of the Year award on Thursday, ahead of Manchester City’s Kevin De Bruyne and Bayern goalkeeper Manuel Neuer.
  • Tunisia’s Ons Jabeur became the first Arab woman to reach the fourth round of the French Open as she beat eighth seed Aryna Sabalenka.
  • Argentine Nadia Podoroska became the first qualifier to reach the French Open semi-finals in the women’s singles draw when she downed Ukrainian third seed Elina Svitolina.
  • Afghanistan top order batsman Najeeb Tarakai has died from injuries following a road accident last week.
  • Ugandan Joshua Cheptegei smashed the men’s 10,000 metres world record and Ethiopia’s Letesenbet Gidey demolished the women’s 5,000 metres mark at Valencia .
  • Polish teenager Iga Swiatek became the youngest player to reach the French Open women’s final in 19 years when she powered past Argentine qualifier Nadia Podoroska 6-2 6-1.
  • Rafael Nadal of Spain defeats Novak Djokovic of Serbia in the final of the Men’s Singles 6–0, 6–2, 7–5. With the win, Nadal equalled Roger Federer’s all-time record of 20 Grand Slam singles titles.
  • The Los Angeles Lakers win the NBA Finals following their 106–93 victory against the Miami Heat in game 6, bringing an end to the 2020 NBA Bubble in Orlando. This was the fourth NBA championship for Lebron James.
  • Charlie Moore, the 400-meter hurdles champion at the 1952 Helsinki Olympics has died.
  • New Zealand’s oldest surviving test player John Reid passed away at the age of 92 in Auckland. Reid captained New Zealand to their first three test victories.
  • Veteran Pakistan fast bowler Umar Gul has set date for retirement. The right-hand fast bowler, who made his last international appearance in 2016, has decided to hang up his boots after the upcoming domestic season.
  • Kenya’s Daniel Wanjiru, winner of the 2017 London Marathon, has been banned from athletics until 2023 for doping.
  • World 400 metres champion Salwa Eid Naser has been cleared of committing an anti-doping rule violation after a World Athletics Disciplinary Tribunal dismissed charges brought against her for registering four “whereabouts failures”.
  • Six-times world champion Lewis Hamilton became the most successful Formula One driver of all time in terms of race wins with a dominant 92nd career victory at the Portuguese Grand Prix.
  • World 100m champion Christian Coleman has been banned for two years after missing three drugs tests.
  • Barcelona president Josep Maria Bartomeu resigned from the club  ahead of a vote of no confidence that was due to be held next month after some 20,000 fans signed a petition demanding that he step down.
  • In baseball, the Los Angeles Dodgers defeat the Tampa Bay Rays to win the World Series

Arts & Entertainment

  • The new James Bond movie, “No Time To Die,” on became the latest blockbuster to be pushed into next year as the movie industry struggles to get back to business amid the coronavirus pandemic.
  • Japanese fashion designer Kenzo Takada, better known as Kenzo, died from the COVID-19 disease, his spokesman told several French media outlets.
  • Cineworld, the world’s second-biggest cinema operator, will close all its sites in the United States, the United Kingdom and Ireland this week because of the impact of the coronavirus crisis, a person familiar with the situation.
  • British rock band Led Zeppelin effectively won a long-running legal battle over claims it stole the opening guitar riff from its signature 1971 song “Stairway to Heaven.”
  • Eddie Van Halen, the pioneering guitar player whose hard-rocking band emerged from the Sunset Strip music scene in Los Angeles in the early 1970s to stand at the top of rock ‘n’ roll for a decade.
  • Lyricist and journalist Herbert Kretzmer, best known for his English-language adaptation of the musical Les Misérables, has died at the age of 95.
  • Costume designer Bhanu Athaiya, India’s first Oscar winner, died at her home after prolonged illness. She was 91. Ms. Athaiya began her career as a costume designer in Hindi cinema with Guru Dutt’s 1956 superhit “C.I.D.”. She went on to work in over 100 films.
  • Aishwarya Sridhar has become the first Indian woman to win the Wildlife Photographer of the Year award.
  • Marge Champion, who served as the real-life model for Walt Disney’s Snow White, has died at the age of 101.
  • One of the best known magicians in the entertainment industry, James Randi, famous for exposing claimants of the paranormal, has died in the US aged 92.
  • Japanese animated film “Demon Slayer” shattered a box-office record, reaching revenue of 10.75 billion yen ($102.48 million) in just 10 days.
  • Scottish movie legend Sean Connery, who shot to international stardom as the suave, sexy and sophisticated British agent James Bond and went on to grace the silver screen for four decades, has died aged 90.

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