Quiz 049: Science Quiz 01

Questions

  1. Often been called the “God particle”, It is a hypothetical massive elementary particle that is predicted to exist by the Standard Model of particle physics. Experiments of the particle are currently being performed using the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. What is the more scientific name given to this particle?
  1. He was a celebrated physician and pioneering microbiologist. As the founder of modern bacteriology, he is known for his role in identifying the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax and for giving experimental support for the concept of infectious disease. As a result of his groundbreaking research on tuberculosis, He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1905.Name him?
  1. Superconductivity is a set of physical properties observed in certain materials where electrical resistance vanishes and magnetic flux fields are expelled from the material. Superconductors require very cold temperatures, on the order of 39 kelvins (minus 234 C, or minus 389 F) for conventional superconductors. This phenomenon was discovered by a Dutch physicist who was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize for physics. This phenomimenon was discovered in 1911 by Dutch physicist.Name him?
  1. She was the second woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize Physiology or Medicine after Gerty Cori.  Name the American medical physicist, and a co-winner of the 1977. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine together with Roger Guillemin and Andrew Schally?
  1. The Richter Magnitude Scale was published in 1935 and immediately became the standard measure of earthquake intensity. It was jointly developed by Charles F. Richter and his colleague and mentor at the California Institute of Technology. Who is this German-American seismologist who made several important contributions to the science?
  1. “The Fields Medal”, officially known as International Medal for Outstanding Discoveries in Mathematics, is a prize awarded to a maximum of 4 mathematicians not over 40 years of age. Along with the Abel Prize, The Fields Medal has often been described as the “Mathematician’s Nobel Prize” .Who was the lady who became the first ever woman to receive this medal?
  1. Although diamonds have been used by humans for over 6,000 years, it was only in 1772 that a well known French chemist proved that it is made entirely of carbon. This scientist used a lens to concentrate the rays of the sun on a diamond in an atmosphere of oxygen, and showed that the only product of the burning was carbon dioxide proving that diamond is composed of carbon. Who was this scientist?
  1. With the symbol  Og and atomic number 118 it is a superheavy  chemical element .It was first identified  in 2002 by a joint team of Russian and American scientists. In December 2015, it was recognized as one of four new elements by the Joint Working Party of international scientific bodies IUPAC and IUPAP. What is this element ?
  1. He was a American theoretical physicist shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965 For his contributions to the development of quantum electrodynamics. He assisted in the development of the atomic bomb during World War II and became known to a wide public in the 1980s as a member of the panel that investigated the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. Name him?
  1. Rubella, also known as German measles or three-day measles, was first described by German physicians in the mid-eighteenth century. This disease is often mild and attacks often pass unnoticed. The disease can last one to three days. The name “rubella” is derived from Latin. What does it means?

Answers

  1. The Higgs boson
  1. Robert Koch
  1. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
  1. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
  1. Beno Gutenberg
  1. Maryam Mirzakhani
  1. Antoine Lavoisier
  1. Oganesson
  1. Richard Phillips Feynman
  1. Little red

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