01.) Who became world-famous for making the first airplane flight across the English Channel, winning the prize of £1,000 offered by the Daily Mail newspaper?
02.) Who was the first woman to swim the English Channel in both directions, setting a time record each time. She was also the first woman to swim the Catalina Channel, the Straits of Gibraltar, the Bosporus (one way), and the Dardanelles (round trip)?
03.) Name the a French poet and essayist who was the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901?
4. ) This English doctor was one of the most prolific serial killers in recorded history by proven murders with 250+ murders being positively ascribed to him. About 80% of his victims were women. His youngest victim was a 41-year-old man. Much of Britain’s legal structure concerning health care and medicine was reviewed and modified as a direct and indirect result of his crimes and he is to date the only British doctor who has been found guilty of murdering his patients. Name him?
5. ) Reigning for 70 years and 126 days, He is both the second-longest reigning monarch of all time and the longest-reigning monarch to have reigned only as an adult. During his reign, he was served by a total of 30 prime ministers beginning with Pridi Banomyong and ending with Prayut Chan-o-cha. Name this monarch of Thailand?
6.) The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June to 9 July 1944. That attack provoked the Unites States to get directly involved in the Second World War. Who was this Japanese admiral, who later committed suicide during the Battle of Saipan in July 1944?
7.) This American agronomist, trained in plant pathology and genetics, introduced high-yielding wheat varieties and modern agricultural production techniques to Mexico, Pakistan, and India. He has been called “the Father of the Green Revolution”, and is often credited with saving over a billion people worldwide from starvation. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (1970Who is he?
8.) This young aristocratic English woman wrote the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine in 1843. She based them on Jacquard’s punch-card idea and meant to be used on Charles Babbage’s early mechanical general-purpose computer, the analytical engine. She is often regarded as the first to recognize the full potential of computers and as one of the first computer programmers .Who was she?
9.) The Green Belt Movement is the name of the women-led conservation organization founded in 1977 in Kenya, which has spread cross Africa and has planted 20 to 30 million trees on that continent. Who was a Kenyan social, environmental, and political activist and the first African woman to win the Nobel Prize. Who founded this organization?
10.) The first President of the World Bank was an American financier, public official and one time Chairman of the US Federal Reserve from 1930 to 1933. He was also the publisher of the Washington Post newspaper. Although he served as World Bank president only for six months in 1946, he laid the foundation for the new institution drawing on his own practical experiences in government and investment banking. Who was he?
01.) Louis Bleriot
02.) Florence Chadwick
03.) Sully Prudhomme
04.) Dr. Harold Shipman
05.) King Bhumibol Adulyadej (King Rama IX)
06.) Admiral Chuichi Nagumo
07.) Norman Ernest Borlaug
08.) Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace
09.) Wangari Maathai
10.) Eugene Meyer