Tulip, (genus Tulipa), any of a group of cultivated bulbous herbs in the family Liliaceae. The genus Tulipa consists of about 100 species that are native to Eurasia from Austria and Italy eastward to Japan, with two-thirds of them native to the eastern Mediterranean and the southeastern parts of the Soviet Union. Tulips were introduced to the Western world by the Viennese ambassador to Turkey, Augier Ghislain de Busbecq. The tulip produces two or three thick, bluish green leaves that are clustered at the base of the plant. The usually solitary bell-shaped flowers have three petals and three sepals. There are six free stamens, and the three-lobed ovary is terminated by a sessile three-lobed stigma. The fruit is a capsule with many seeds. Many garden tulips can be propagated only by their scaly bulbs. Tulips are among the most popular of all garden flowers.
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