The Burgundian Wars (1474–1477) were a conflict between the Burgundian State and the Old Swiss Confederacy and its allies. Open war broke out in 1474, and the Duke of Burgundy, Charles the Bold, was defeated three times on the battlefield in the following years and was killed at the Battle of Nancy in 1477. The Duchy of Burgundy and several other Burgundian lands then became part of France, and the Burgundian Netherlands and Franche-Comté were inherited by Charles’s daughter Mary of Burgundy and eventually passed to the House of Habsburg upon her death because of her marriage to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. The growing opposition between Charles the Bold and the Swiss led to the “Burgundy Wars”. The King of France largely financed the Swiss in their opposition against the Duke of Burgundy in the hope of limiting his influence. Five battles marked the Burgundian wars, which each resulted in the victory of the Swiss and their allies between 1474 and 1477.They are , Battle of Héricourt,Battle of the Planta,Battle of Grandson,Battle of Morat,Battle of Nancy.With the death of Charles the Bold, the Valois dynasty of the dukes of Burgundy died out. The northern territories of the dukes of Burgundy became a possession of the Habsburgs, when Archduke Maximilian of Austria, who would later become Holy Roman Emperor, married Charles’s only daughter, Mary of Burgundy. The duchy proper reverted to the crown of France under king Louis XI. The Franche-Comté initially also became French but was ceded to Maximilian’s son Philip in 1493 by Charles VIII at the Treaty of Senlis in an attempt to bribe the emperor to remain neutral during Charles’s planned invasion of Italy.
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